Brief History and Constitution:
The history of Constitution of India reveals that the concept of conducting competitive examination for appointment to certain posts came into consideration way
back in the year 1853 and a committee for giving shape to that was constituted under the chairmanship of Lord Macaulay in the year 1854. Later on the Federal Public Service
Commission and the State Public Service Commissions were constituted under the Government of India Act, 1935.
The Bihar Public Service Commission came into existence from 1st April 1949 after its separation from the Commission for the States of Orissa and Madhya Pradesh, in accordance
with sub-section (1) of section 261 of the Government of India Act, 1935, as adapted. Its constitutional status was pronounced with the promulgation of Constitution of India on
26th January, 1950. It is a Constitutional Body under Article 315 of the Constitution of India.
The Bihar Public Service Commission initially began its functioning for the State of Bihar with its headquarters at Ranchi. The State Government decided to shift the
headquarters of the Commission from Ranchi to Patna and it was finally shifted to Patna on 1st March 1951.
The first Chairman of the Bihar Public Service Commission was Shri Rajandhari Sinha. Shri Radha Krishna Choudhary was the first Secretary to the Commission. The list of Chairmen
of the Commission since 1949 is as follows:
||Sri Rajandhari Sinha
||Dr. Amarnath Jha
||Sri Bhagwat Prasad
||Sri K.S.V. Raman
||Sri B. N. Rohtagi
||Sri Jagat Nandan Sahay
||Dr. H. N. Yadav
||Dr. Ramawatar Shukla
||Dr. Kumar Vimal
||Sri A. K. M. Hasan
||Sri S. S. Dhanoa
||Sri Kritbhu Dev
||Sri K. K. Srivastava
||Dr. (Prof.) Ram Ashray Yadav
||Dr. (Prof.) Laxmi Rai
||Dr. (Prof.) Razia Tabassum
||Dr. (Prof.) Ram Singhasan Singh
||Sri N. K. Agrawal
||Sri A. K. Choudhary
||Sri R. J. M. Pillai
||Sri K. C. Saha
||Sri Alok Kumar Sinha
The Bihar Public Service Commission (Conditions of Service) Regulations, 1960 was framed by the State of Bihar in exercise of the powers conferred by Article 318 of the
Constitution of India and in supersession of the Regulation published with the Appointment Department's notification no. A-2654 dated 31st March 1953. Under Rule 3 of the
Regulations, 1960 the Commission was constituted with a Chairman and 10 (ten) other members. The strength of members was reduced to 6 (six) after bifurcation of the State of
Bihar and the State of Jharkhand vide notification no. 7/PSC-1013/95 (Part-3) Per 8262 dated 9th October 2002 of the Personnel & Administrative Reforms Department, Bihar.
The Mandate of Bihar Public Service Commission:
Article 320 and 321 of the Constitution of India prescribes the mandate of the State Public Service Commissions, which is -
- Recruitment by conduct of Competitive Examinations/ through interviews to the services of the State Government.
- Advising the State Government on the suitability of officers on appointment on promotion as well as transfer from one service to the other.
- Advising the State Government on the matters related with recruitment to various services and posts, framing and amendment of recruitment Rules.
- Advising the State Government in all disciplinary cases relating to different civil services.
- Advising the State Government in the matter of grant of extraordinary pension, reimbursement of legal expenses, etc.
- Advising the State Government on any matter referred to the Commission by the Governor of Bihar.
Recruitment is made by two methods -
- Direct Recruitment – Direct recruitment is made mainly by way of conducting competitive examination in which the selection is done
on the basis of either of the following procedures:
- Main (Written) Examination and Interview of the successful candidates of the Preliminary Test prescribed under rules.
- Written Examination and Interview.
- Promotion – Promotion is granted to civil servants through the Departmental Promotion Committee (under the chairmanship of the
Commission) constituted for the same and in accordance with the rules framed by the State Government.
Article 323 of the Constitution of India prescribes for the submission of annual report of the work done by the State Public Service Commission to the Governor of the
State. The Bihar Public Service Commission accordingly submits annual report of the work done by the Commission to the Governor of Bihar.